Types of Cancer


There are more than 200 types of cancer. Diseased cells can occur in just about any tissue or organ in the body, as well as the blood and bones. Many of the types are rather obscure and do not occur in great numbers, but there are several that do afflict large numbers of people. And there are many opportunities for misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis of these common forms of the disease.

According to the National Cancer Institute, the ten most commonly occurring cancers and the estimated number of cases per year are as follows:

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • Female breast 246,000
  • Lung 224,000
  • Prostate 181,000
  • Colorectal 134,000
  • Bladder 77,000
  • Melanoma 76,000
  • Non-hodgkin lymphoma 72,000
  • Thyroid 64,000
  • Kidney 63,000
  • Endometrial 60,000

The rate of survival for these cancers varies widely.

Lung cancer, for example, is the most deadly on the list. The average five-year survival rate is less than 18 percent. Only 15 percent of lung cancer cases are diagnosed early, partly due to the misdiagnosis of symptoms. Misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis account in large part for the low survival rate of lung cancer.

Thyroid cancer, on the other hand, has a five-year survival rate of nearly 100 percent through the first two stages, and 93 percent even at the third stage of diagnosis.

Female breast cancer survival rates have been steadily improving over the years due to reduced use of hormone replacement therapy, greater emphasis on screening tests, and improved treatments. Currently, the five-year survival rate is 100 percent at a stage one diagnosis and 72 percent at stage three.

How to Combat Misdiagnosis and Delayed Diagnosis

Learning about these most common cancers is important because advocating for oneself is the first step in achieving the all-important cancer goal of early detection. Doctors misdiagnosis or fail to diagnose cancer more than we may want to believe, so patients must self-advocate and push for answers.

Knowing the symptoms is critical to prompting that first medical consultation. From there, patients must remain active participants in the diagnosis and treatment phases and be aggressive with their doctors to ensure against misdiagnosis or a life-threatening delayed diagnosis.

You have taken an important first step by visiting our web page to learn about cancer and the critical role the medical community plays in timely diagnosis and treatment. If you or a loved one have suffered unnecessarily due to a delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis, contact our office today. We have decades of compassionate, legal experience, and we’ll help you hold the medical community accountable. Your initial consultation is free, and you don’t pay anything if we don’t win your case.

Comments are closed.